caspar david friedrich facts
Friedrich was acquainted with Philipp Otto Runge, another leading German painter of the Romantic period. He was also a friend of Georg Friedrich Kersting, and painted him at work in his unadorned studio, and of the Norwegian painter Johan Christian Clausen Dahl (1788–1857). Dahl was close to Friedrich during the artist’s final years, and he expressed dismay that to the art-buying public, Friedrich’s pictures were only “curiosities”.  While the poet Zhukovsky appreciated Friedrich’s psychological themes, Dahl praised the descriptive quality of Friedrich’s landscapes, commenting that “artists and connoisseurs saw in Friedrich’s art only a kind of mystic, because they themselves were only looking out for the mystic. They did not see Friedrich’s faithful and conscientious study of nature in everything he represented”. 
After his death, Carl Gustav Carus wrote a series of articles which paid tribute to Friedrich’s transformation of the conventions of landscape painting. However, Carus’ articles placed Friedrich firmly in his time, and did not place the artist within a continuing tradition.  Only one of his paintings had been reproduced as a print, and that was produced in very few copies.  
In 1816 Friedrich became a member of the Dresden Academy, which gave him a steady income and allowed him to marry in 1818. In 1820 the Russian czarevitch purchased several paintings from him, but Friedrich’s popularity began to decline because of his political attitudes and increasing official attacks on his art. His mental and physical health steadily deteriorated. In 1837 a serious stroke terminated his career. He died on May 7, 1840, forgotten by all but a small circle of friends. His subjective, emotional art was rediscovered early in the 20th century, when German expressionism sought similar effects through more radical means.
Born on Sept. 5, 1774, in Greifswald, Caspar David Friedrich was the son of a soap manufacturer. His mother died when he was 7; and when he was 13, his favorite brother died while the two boys were ice-skating, for which Caspar David suffered a lifelong sense of guilt. The painter’s familiarity with death and his melancholy disposition were further affirmed by a suicide attempt.
The Giant Mountains (1830–35). 72 × 102 cm. Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin. Friedrich sought not just to explore the blissful enjoyment of a beautiful view, as in the classic conception, but rather to examine an instant of sublimity, a reunion with the spiritual self through the contemplation of nature.
Two Men Contemplating the Moon at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, ca. 1825–30
The artist’s happiness soon faded as he became “obsessed” with the afterlife. His style displays an overwhelming sense of loneliness and it seems the melancholy of his childhood had came back to haunt him.
This work is thought to be a celebration of Fri.
mother: Sophie Dorothea Friedrich
Caspar David Friedrich was a German Romantic landscape painter. Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.