donatello short biography
He was the child of a member of the then guild of Wool Combers in Florence. It was then that he was eventually educated and schooled in the home of the Martellis, where he might have received early art training from a goldsmith, and finally working for a famous metalworker and sculptor’s studio who was none other than Lorenzo Ghiberti.
Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi was known to the art world as Donatello and was born around circa 1386 in Florence, Italy. He was one of the forerunners of Florentine Art, which also paved way for the age of Renaissance Art. His specialty was more in sculptures and statuettes than painting. His works were also noted to have the concept of perspectival illusionism when it came to his shallow relief.
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Donatello was one of the greatest Italian artists of the 15th century. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline
Donatello was born Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi and was of humble origins: he was the son of Niccolò di Betto Bardi, a Florentine wool carder. Donatello never married or had children.
Donatello was a very prolific sculptor whose works included: St. Mark and St. George (c. 1415), two separate sculptures commissioned for the niches of Orasanmichele; David (undated), the first large-scale freestanding nude sculpture since antiquity; the so-called Gattamelata (1447–53), an influential equestrian monument; and St. Mary Magdalene (c. 1450–55).
Born in Florence, Italy, around 1386, sculptor Donatello apprenticed early with well-known sculptors and quickly learned the Gothic style. Before he was 20, he was receiving commissions for his work. Over his career he developed a style of lifelike, highly emotional sculptures and a reputation second only to Michelangelo’s.
Donatello, the early Italian Renaissance sculptor, was born Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi in Florence, Italy, sometime in 1386. His friends and family gave him the nickname “Donatello.” He was the son of Niccolo di Betto Bardi, a member of the Florentine Wool Combers Guild. This gave young Donatello status as the son of a craftsman and placed him on a path of working in the trades. Donatello was educated at the home of the Martellis, a wealthy and influential Florentine family of bankers and art patrons closely tied to the Medici family. It was here that Donatello probably first received artistic training from a local goldsmith. He learned metallurgy and the fabrication of metals and other substances. In 1403, he apprenticed with Florence metalsmith and sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti. A few years later, Ghiberti was commissioned to create the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral, beating out rival artist Filippo Brunelleschi. Donatello assisted Ghiberti in creating the cathedral doors.
Donatello received many commissions, which he often executed in collaboration with other artists. An unusual work is the Marzocco, the emblematic lion of the Florentines, carved in sandstone and imbued with a grand contrapuntal vigor; it was ordered in 1418 for the papal apartments in S. Maria Novella (now in the Museo Nazionale). Donatello’s optical principles and his vigorous style in relief sculpture reached a climax in the gilded bronze Feast of Herod, completed in 1427 for the font in the Baptistery, Siena; Ghiberti, Jacopo della Quercia, and other sculptors also executed reliefs for the baptismal font. In Donatello’s very low relief composition he approximated, but deliberately avoided the accurate construction of, one-point architectural perspective.
“Donatello .” UXL Encyclopedia of World Biography . . Encyclopedia.com. 11 May. 2020 https://www.encyclopedia.com > .