haywain by constable miss which of the following is the characteristics of the working class
In the 18th century there had been a gulf between, on the one hand accurate topographical views, for example those of Paul Sandby, and Romantic or expressive landscape epitomised by J R Cozens. It was Constable’s achievement to combine these two tendencies: he portrayed his native Suffolk and one or two other areas in a manner both more naturalistic than that of any of his predecessors and yet imbued with a deeply Romantic spirit.
These two statements may, at first sight, appear contradictory, but it is important to appreciate that for Constable there was no conflict between a naturalistic and a poetic representation of landscape. The ‘Haywain’ sketch, like many of his other paintings, is dominated by dark threatening clouds.
The sketches themselves were the first ever done in oils directly from the subject in the open air. To convey the effects of light and movement, Constable used broken brushstrokes, often in small touches, which he scumbled over lighter passages, creating an impression of sparkling light enveloping the entire landscape. One of the most expressionistic and powerful of all his studies is Seascape Study with Rain Cloud, painted about 1824 at Brighton, which captures with slashing dark brushstrokes the immediacy of an exploding cumulus shower at sea.  Constable also became interested in painting rainbow effects, for example in Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows, 1831, and in Cottage at East Bergholt, 1833.
Constable adopted a routine of spending winter in London and painting at East Bergholt in summer. In 1811 he first visited John Fisher and his family in Salisbury, a city whose cathedral and surrounding landscape were to inspire some of his greatest paintings.
The Hay Wain – originally titled Landscape: Noon – is a painting by John Constable, finished in 1821, which depicts a rural scene on the River Stour between the English counties of Suffolk and Essex.   It hangs in the National Gallery in London and is regarded as “Constable’s most famous image”  and one of the greatest and most popular English paintings. 
Media related to The Hay Wain at Wikimedia Commons
The trees and grass encircle the whole composition with relief from the yellow meadows disappearing to the right which help to stop the painting from seeming closed in or too claustrophobic.
Use of light:
The Hay Wain represents a near-perfect English summer day and Constable accomplishes this by using natural light and painting realistically from his sketches of the scene. As a young boy Constable often went out “skying”, sketching the clouds and sky to perfect his technique.
He paid £35,000, having “believed [Mould’s] conviction” he would one day be able to prove its true worth.
Mr Mould said the programme team examined the layers of paint and the work’s provenance.