impression sunrise claude monet pulsating
The sun is perceived differently is different parts of our mind. To the more primitive subdivisions of our brain, the sun is nearly invisible. But to the primate subdivision, the sun appears normal. Thus, there is an inconsistency between our perception of the sun in the primitive and primate portions of our brain. The sun is poorly defined and ambiguous to the portion of our brain that carries information about position and movement.
Impression Sunrise, Claude Monet, 1873.
Following 1874 and the rise of the Impressionist movement, Monet recalled Impression, Sunrise by naming other works with similar titles. The subtitles recalled Impression, Sunrise in style and influence, though their subjects varied. Examples of similarly titles works are Effet de brouillard, impression in 1879, L’Impression in 1883, Garden at Bordighera, Impression of Morning in 1884, Marine (impression) in 1887, and Fumées dans le brouillard, impression in 1904. These works then seemed as a continuation of his Le Havre scene, “one of the sequence of canvases in which he was seeking to capture the most fleeting natural effects, as a display of his painterly virtuosity.”  Evoking the name of Impression, Sunrise, but also providing stylistic connections, the later paintings are similarly “quite summary and economical in handling, and depict particularly hazy or misty effects” that is characteristic of Monet’s impressionism in particular. 
Impression, Sunrise (French: Impression, soleil levant) is a painting by Claude Monet first shown at what would become known as the “Exhibition of the Impressionists” in Paris in April, 1874. The painting is credited with inspiring the name of the Impressionist movement.
Le Charivari critic Louise Leroy was perhaps the most effusive with his criticism and his views were compounded by a series of articles against the impressionists and their form of art. At the time of the exhibition Leroy noted that:-
Impression: Sunrise was eventually bequeathed by the artist’s daughter amongst other works to the Musée Marmottan, where it currently resides. Despite some initial disappointing sales, it currently is beyond price and is considered a national treasure. It was stolen from the museum in 1985 but recovered in 1990.
If you’re familiar with Whistler’s paintings and think the style and approach in this painting of Monet seems similar, you’re not mistaken:
Livingstone goes on to explain how different parts of our visual system perceive both the color and the greyscale versions of the sun simultaneously.
In the 1860s Monet, Renoir and others painted in a new style, now called Impressionism. The name came from a painting by Monet of a harbor at dawn which he titled Impression: sunrise. The painting is a striking example of the new style. What effect did Monet achieve in this painting and how did he achieve it?
The sun is set against the dawn, the orange color against the grey, the vibrant force of the sun against its motionless surroundings. To many viewers, the sun undulates or pulsates slightly. Why is this so? The sun is nearly the same luminance as the grayish clouds. Notice how the sun nearly disappears if you remove the color. (Click painting to reset.) This lack of contrast may explain the eerie quality.