raphael school of athens with name labels
Other reproductions include: in Königsberg Cathedral, Kaliningrad by Neide,  in the University of North Carolina at Asheville’s Highsmith University Student Union, and a recent one in the seminar room at Baylor University’s Brooks College. A copy of Raphael’s School of Athens was painted on the wall of the ceremonial stairwell that leads to the famous, main-floor reading room of the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève in Paris.
A number of drawings made by Raphael as studies for the School of Athens are extant.  A study for the Diogenes is in the Städel in Frankfurt  while a study for the group around Pythagoras, in the lower left of the painting, is preserved in the Albertina Museum in Vienna.  Several drawings, showing the two men talking while walking up the steps on the right and the Medusa on Athena’s shield,  [a] the statue of Athena (Minerva) and three other statues,  a study for the combat scene in the relief below Apollo  and “Euclid” teaching his pupils  are in the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology at Oxford University.
Heraclitus, looking like Michelangelo (his true name was Michelagniolo di Ludovico di Buonarroto Simon (6.3.1475 вЂ“ 18.2.1564) Sculptor, Painter, Architect, Vatican). Heraclitus is also called the dark melancholic philosopher, maybe this is the reason why he is shown thinking and serious. He is alone because he usually did not like others and in the вЂњSchool of AthensвЂќ he and Diogenes are clear isolated figures.
Damascius 529 AD last head after the Byzantine Emperor orders the closing of the “pagan” Academy (Christian religion is the only religion allowed)
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Long before Rafael the hotheaded, red eye mask wearing Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle entertained children onscreen, there was Rafael the esteemed painter who’d won over a cultured crowd of art connoisseurs. By his mid-20s, Raphael Sanzio was already a star. At the top of his game, this master of the Italian Renaissance had been invited by the pope to live in Rome, where he would spend the rest of his days. Starting in 1509 he began decorating the first of four rooms in the Papal Palace. Collectively, these Raphael Rooms, along with Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel exemplify the High Renaissance fresco technique.
The School of Athens, or Scuola di Atene in Italian, is one of the most famous paintings by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It was painted between 1510 and 1511 as a part of Raphael’s commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican. The Stanza della Segnatura was the first of the rooms to be decorated, and The School of Athens the second painting to be finished there, after La Disputa, on the opposite wall. The picture has long been seen as “Raphael’s masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance.”
Type: Fresco, 500 × 770 cm
Luitpold Dussler ( de ) counts among those who can be identified with some certainty: Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Pythagoras, [ 11 ] Euclid, [ 12 ] Ptolemy, Zoroaster, Raphael, Sodoma and Diogenes. Other identifications he holds to be “more or less speculative”. [ 13 ]
The identities of some of the philosophers in the picture, such as Plato or Aristotle, are certain. Beyond that, identifications of Raphael’s figures have always been hypothetical. To complicate matters, beginning from Vasari’s efforts, some have received multiple identifications, not only as ancients but also as figures contemporary with Raphael. [ 10 ]