the impressionist movement took its name from impression: sunrise by:
Monet has been commended for his use of color in Impression, Sunrise. The bright orange of the sun makes it an obvious focal point, and critics have debated whether the sun was rising or setting (in 2014 the Marmottan Museum determined that it was, in fact, rising, thanks to their extensive study of tides, weather reports and celestial trajectories). Although the sun may seem like the brightest spot in the painting, in terms of photographic brilliance, it is on the same level as the grey hue of the water.
Monet has since established his place as one of the true masters of Impressionist art. Impression, Sunrise is lauded as one of the finest examples of Impressionism, exemplifying the movement as a whole through the dreamy, hazy landscape.
Jules Castagnary for Le Siècle wrote that the group of painters could be described by no other word beside the new term impressionists, since they rendered the “sensation evoked by the landscape” rather than the landscape. He claimed that “The very word has entered their language: not landscape, but impression, in the title given in the catalog for M. Monet’s Sunrise. From this point of view, they have left reality behind for a realm of pure idealism”, typified by Monet’s Impression, Sunrise. 
Impression, Sunrise depicts the port of Le Havre, Monet’s hometown. It is now displayed at the Musée Marmottan Monet in Paris. 
The year has also been botched in records despite a clear “72” next to Monet’s signature. The art dealer Daniel Wildenstein listed the painting as a piece from 1873 in his five-volume catalogue raisonné of Monet’s work. According to Ms. Mathieu, Mr. Wildenstein grouped all of Monet’s Normandy landscapes painted in 1872 and 1873 into the later date based on documents confirming the painter’s visit to the region in April of that year.
The painting itself is not as aesthetically compelling as Monet’s serene water lilies, nor has it carried the same market value as other contemporaneous works such “Le Pont de l’Europe, Gare Saint-Lazare” from 1876. Its value lies rather in its place in history.
American John Rand never joined their ranks as a preeminent artist, but as a painter living in London, he designed in 1841 a device that would revolutionize the art world: paint in a tube. His clever new technology offered easily portable, pre-mixed paint, and allowed painters to bring their process outdoors.
Painters like James Whistler and Winslow Homer brought Impressionism to America following their European travels. Whistler particularly took the lessons of the Japanese influence on Impressionism to heart, while Homer embraced the lessons of light and color but preferred strong outlines, often focusing on his favorite subject, the sea.
to paint and develop new themes in art that relate to new aspects of modern life
Gauguin, at his beginnings as a painter, meets Pissarro in 1875 and becomes his pupil, then takes part from 1879 on in the Impressionist shows