what movement in art history was bernini in esctacy of st theresa
After Innocent X
Here are a few of Bernini’s most famous sculptures.
The Ecstasy of St. Teresa
Artist / Origin: Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Italian, 1598–1680)
Period: 1400 CE – 1800 CE
Material: Marble, stucco, and gilt bronze
Dimensions: H: 11 ft. 6 in. (3.5 m.)
Location: Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome, Italy
Credit: Courtesy of SCALA/Art Resource, NY
“The instance of a single image that appears time and time again in multiple artists’ work is also something that fascinates me. For example, the saint in ecstasy. Bernini, who was greatly admired by many of the Spanish artists who went to Italy and saw his works, is perhaps the quintessential example of a seventeenth-century Baroque creator of ecstasies in art. And the most outstanding of his creations of ecstasy is, I think, the sculptural group that is created to observe the ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Saint Teresa had reverberations all across Europe in the later half of the seventeenth century.”
Indicate the attributes of Baroque sculpture in 17th century Italy
A great deal of Baroque sculpture added extra-sculptural elements; for example, concealed lighting, water fountains, or fused sculpture and architecture that created a transformative experience for the viewer . Artists saw themselves as working in the classical tradition and admired Hellenistic and later Roman sculpture.
Beside me, on the left, appeared an angel in bodily form…. He was not tall but short, and very beautiful; and his face was so aflame that he appeared to be one of the highest rank of angels, who seem to be all on fire…. In his hands I saw a great golden spear, and at the iron tip there appeared to be a point of fire. This he plunged into my heart several times so that it penetrated to my entrails. When he pulled it out I felt that he took them with it, and left me utterly consumed by the great love of God. The pain was so severe that it made me utter several moans. The sweetness caused by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease, nor is one’s soul content with anything but God. This is not a physical but a spiritual pain, though the body has some share in it—even a considerable share.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini was born in Naples in 1598. His father was an Italian artist and architect named Pietro Bernini. Gian Bernini was a prodigy of the arts and quickly began mastering the skills taught to him by his father. At the age of eight, Gian Bernini followed his father to Rome where his father was commissioned in high profile projects with The Catholic Church to include Pope Paul V. While in Rome Gian Bernini quickly gained the attention of the Pope as well as proclaimed a commissioned artists in the city such as Carracci. Gian Bernini’s first commission was from the Pope’s nephew a Borghese around 1619. This piece was the beginning of Gian Bernini’s development and even his earliest sculpture displayed the fine mannerist style taught to him by his father as well as his own dramatic take on sculptures showing emotion, drama, and the twisting of space.
The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
St. Theresa of Avila was a Spanish nun, mystic and writer during the Counter-Reformation. Some sources suggest that as a girl, Theresa was willful and spoiled, and chose to enter the Carmelite sisterhood instead of marrying a wealthy hidalgo based on the mistaken belief that as a nun she would be afforded more freedom.