when was david by dontello painted
The statue stood proudly on a column that was designed by the talented Desiderio da Settignano. It was situated in the middle of the Palazzo Medici’s courtyard, with an inscription that explained the significance of the statue as a highly regarded political monument. While the political significance of the sculpture was accepted, the precise meaning of the inscription has become a debatable topic among scholars.
David is the name given to two sculptures by the early-Renaissance Italian sculptor, Donatello. In 1408, the artist was tasked to carve a marble statue of David, who was a biblical character that fought courageously against the gigantic Goliath. The commission to complete this project came from the Cathedral of Florence’s operai, who wanted to embellish the buttresses of the cathedral’s tribunes with 12 images of prophets. The sculpture was among Donatello’s early works, and it featured the artist’s immense talent and unique approach to sculpting.
Donatello’s Bronze Statue
Donatello departed from more conventional “heroic” renderings of David by presenting him nude, in the manner of a slim, pre-pubescent boy. This depiction has baffled scholars for centuries. True, the Bible states that David was a beautiful youth, and he was supposed to have gone into battle without any clothes. But if this is true, why is he wearing a hat and boots? And why is he depicted in such an effeminate pose, with the emphasis on his lower stomach? These attributes are quite unnecessary either in terms of Biblical narrative or classical conventions. After all, Michelangelo, also depicted David without clothes, but his was a far more masculine figure.
In any case, Donatello’s David is a classic work of Renaissance sculpture, given its Judaeo-Christian subject matter modeled on a classical sculptural type. It was revolutionary for its day – so much so that it did not get copied right away. The idea of the life-sized nude sculpture-in-the-round evidently took some time to sink in and become an acceptable statue type.
Before Donatello’s work, David was typically depicted as a king, given his status in the Old Testament. Here, however, we have a stark change in the way David is depicted. Not only is he shown in the nude, but he’s also a youth. In Middle Ages, nudity was not used in art except in certain moral contexts, such as the depiction of Adam and Eve, or the sending of souls off to hell. In the classical world, nudity was often used in a different, majestic context, such as with figures who were gods, heroes, or athletes. Here, Donatello seems to be calling to mind the type of heroic nudity of antiquity, since David is depicted at triumphal point in the biblical narrative of his victory over Goliath.
Donatello’s David was also the first male nude statue since classical antiquity. It is strikingly different from classical depictions of male nudes. To this day it remains a groundbreaking achievement, and a testament to Donatello’s mastery in bronze-work. It is housed in the Bargello museum in Florence.
8. Donatello’s bronze David first went on display in the courtyard of the Medici family in Florence, who many believe originally commissioned it. After the family lost favor in 1496, officials relocated the statue to the Palazza Vecchio’s courtyard, and afterwards the David found a permanent home in Florence’s Bargello Museum.
El David es una escultura que representa una figura humana a tamaño natural (¿sería la estatura media en el 1440 de 1,60 m…?) y es innovadora por un par de cosas: