where was starry night over the rhone painted
When he realized the severity of his mental instability, he left Arles to be admitted into Saint-Paul Asylum, a psychiatric institution in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. He spent a year in the asylum and was attended by Dr. Theophile Peyron. In between attacks, he made numerous oil paintings, using Saint-Rémy as the main setting for his artworks. Although his signature brushwork and vivid colors are still evident on his works, most of them reflect the artist’s inner turmoil. On June 1889, he created the Starry Night, inspired by his previous work Starry Night Over the Rhône. Violent swirling strokes of paint in very thick layers, his latest works seemed to represent his troubled psyche at the time.
The Starry Night (1889) is indisputably the most famous painting of Vincent van Gogh. Its unique brushwork, vivid colors, and swirling patterns would always denote van Gogh’s style of painting. But did you know that the Dutch post-impressionist artist has another Starry Night painting? In fact, he created it several months before he made the iconic Starry Night. Vincent van Gogh painted the Starry Night Over the Rhone during his stay in Arles. And it was one of his earliest works in the last two years of his life.
In reality, the view depicted in the painting faces away from Ursa Major, which is to the north. The foreground indicates heavy rework, wet-in-wet, as soon as the first state was finished.  The letter sketches executed at this time probably are based on the original composition.
The challenge of painting at night intrigued van Gogh. The vantage point he chose for Starry Night allowed him to capture the reflections of the gas lighting in Arles across the glimmering blue water of the Rhône. In the foreground, two lovers stroll by the banks of the river.
Now I still have to tell you that the exhibition of the Independents is open, and that your two pictures are there, the “Irises” and “The Starlit Night.” The latter is hung badly, for one cannot put oneself at a sufficient distance, as the room is very narrow, but the other one makes an extremely good showing.
Some days ago I got your consignment, which is very important; there are superb things in it. Everything arrived in good condition and without any damage. The cradle, the portrait of Roulin, the little sower with the tree, the baby, the starry night, the sunflowers and the chair with the pipe and tobacco pouch are the ones I prefer so far.
9) Through his use of the complementary colors blue and yellow in “Starry Night Over the Rhone,” Van Gogh heightens the brightness of the lights, suggesting their harshness in the natural landscape.
Starry Night Over the Rhone was painted at a spot on the banks of river which was only a minute or two’s walk from the The Yellow House on the Place Lamartine which Van Gogh was renting at the time. The night sky and the effects of light at night provided the subject for some of his more famous paintings, including the later canvas from Saint-Rémy, The Starry Night.
Much like Café Terrace at Night , Van Gogh gathered his paints, canvas, brushes, easel, and chair to find a good spot to paint, only he did it with a gas lamp as well this time. His dedication to his work is evident, not just in the distances he walked or in the conditions he painted. Here it is seen in his words. He carefully details each color used. Color was painting to Van Gogh. Choosing the wrong color would led to the wrong message, the wrong feeling that he wanted to capture. With color, he invited others to share the hours spent painting diligently in his chair. In sharp contrast, Van Gogh barely mentions the couple walking along the edge of the foreground. Humans are not the focus of this piece; they are peripheral. This letter further drives homes that this view of the sky is what he wanted people to see.
The words “starry night” invoke the image of one of Van Gogh’s most well-known paintings – a cypress tree painted against a background of midnight blue pocked by swirling stars grows into the mind. However, this is not the only starry night that Van Gogh created. In 1888, Van Gogh painted Starry Night Over the Rhône .