who created knight death and the devil
Experts speculate that it was meant to illustrate a principle from the theologian Erasmus’s work on the virtues of a Christian Knight. The knight is an “everyman” devoted to living a good Christian life. He ignores both the distractions of the devil behind him and the worries of his own mortality, symbolized by death with his hourglass. He has loyalty by his side (the dog), and although he passes through a perilous landscape, the fair city awaits him.
Knight, Death and the Devil was completed in 1513 A.D., by Albrecht Dürer. The engraving was created during the artist’s Nuremberg period, when he served the Emperor Maximilian and lived in Nuremberg, devoting himself to engraving work. Unlike many works of the time, it was not created as a commission.
When the 42-year-old artist completed the engraving in 1513, he called the piece The Rider.
Some historians argue the Dutch Catholic priest’s 1501 book Handbook of a Christian Soldier may have inspired Knight, Death, and the Devil’s horseman. One particular passage seems to suit the knight’s firm-chinned stare:
A tablet, resting against the tree stump on top of which the skull is positioned, is located at the bottom-left-hand corner of the print and displays the year of the engraving’s creation as well as the artist’s initials. The skull, lacking a jawbone, is facing towards the right-hand-side of the print which gives the impression that its lifeless form is looking towards the approaching party.
Death, riding a horse and flanking the mounted knight, turns his head towards the rider and holds an hourglass in his left hand. His skull is visible beneath the decomposing flesh of his face, still displaying a beard, while a snake winds its way through the spikes of his crown and another coils around his shoulders. The hourglass, also featured in DГјrer’s Melancholia I and Young Couple Threatened by Death, may represent the amount of time the knight has left on earth.
The horse is the centre of this composition, and is its focal point. Unlike Dürer’s Four Horseman of the Apocalypse 1498, which obscures the hind quarters of the horse, this engraving depicts its entire anatomy. Art historian, Heinrich Wölfflin writes of the horse:
Henrich Wölfflin, The Art of Albrecht Dürer, London 1971.
Knight, Death and the Devil (German: Ritter, Tod und Teufel) is a large 1513 engraving by the German artist Albrecht Dürer, one of the three Meisterstiche (master prints)  completed during a period when he almost ceased to work in paint or woodcuts to focus on engravings. The image is infused with complex iconography and symbolism, the precise meaning of which has been argued over for centuries.
In 1870 Friedrich Nietzsche gave a print of the engraving to Richard Wagner. The work was significant to Nietzsche as a representation of a “brave future”  and its central subject a “symbol of our existence.”  As such, he gave a copy to his sister on the eve of her emigration to Paraguay.  After the First World War, writers Thomas Mann and Ernst Bertram described the work as close to what Nietzsche could teach about the fate of Germany; the embodiment of the Renaissance and the teachings of Martin Luther, and as described by Gary Shapiro, they believed it was “invoked in order to intensify the sense of resolute determination in the absence of all hope.”  Although Durer did not meet Luther, his writings indicate that he admired him highly, and the engraving may well have been intended as a tribute to him.